Burdock is very reactive to nitrogen fertilizer. A root is usually about 2.5 feet long. It's most popular in Asian countries, particularly Japan, where it's called gobo. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects have been described for burdock whole root extract, … ... beef with burdock root . May Be Anti-Aging. Burdock has been an important botanical in Western folk herbalism and traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years, primarily valued for its cleansing and skin smoothing properties. A slice of salty-sweet heaven! Burdock root has been a part of traditional medicine, particularly traditional Chinese medicine, for centuries. People also used the root as a liver cleanser, detoxifier, nutritive tonic, and all-around health promoter. In Korean, burdock root is called u-eong (우엉) and sold as tong u-eong (통우엉), or "whole burdock". ), Burdock roots contain mucilage, sulfurous acetylene compounds, polyacetylenes and bitter guaianolide-type constituents. While generally out of favour in modern European cuisine, it is popular in East Asia. Even more translations in the English-Vietnamese dictionary by bab.la. Plants are cultivated for their slender roots, which can grow about 1 meter long and 2 cm across. Fresh burdock root can often be found in health stores and Asian specialty stores. In the second half of the 20th century, burdock achieved international recognition for its culinary use due to the increasing popularity of the macrobiotic diet, which advocates its consumption. But, did you know the root is a delicious vegetable that detoxifies the body? Moreover, Japanese like to use gobo to make appetizer, kinpira gobo which consists of sautéed greater burdock root and carrot. Did you know? Everything you need to know about life in a foreign country. Immature flower stalks may also be harvested in late spring, before flowers appear. In 2014 a study was performed at the Laboratory of Microbiology and Immunology in Brazil to determine the effects of burdock root on Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Streptococcus mutans, candida albicans, Candida tropicalis and Candida glabrata. Another is burdock makizushi, rolled sushi filled with pickled burdock root; the burdock root is often artificially colored orange to resemble a carrot. [11] The fleshy tap-root can grow up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) deep.[9]. Or learning new words is more your thing? The root, leaf, and seed are used as medicine. Since burdock root contains purifying and anti-inflammatory properties, it is also used to help treat fibroids. Most people are familiar with the flowers of Burdock which form globe shaped clusters around the top of the stem covered with a dense alignment of stiff "hooks" that will cling to anything they touch. Traditionally used as a blood purifier and overall system tonic, burdock root often recommended by herbalists for … It is also known under the same names and eaten in Brazil. Burdock root can also be found as a fried snack food similar in taste and texture to potato chips and is occasionally used as an ingredient in tempura dishes. [16] As an oily macerate, it is a component of some cosmetics, shampoos and hair care products. It is naturalized almost everywhere and is usually found in disturbed areas, especially in soil rich in nitrogen. A bit about burdock: It’s a long taproot common in Japanese cuisine. [15] Anecdotal reports from the 19th century suggest that this medicinal plant has also been used by the Ojibwa tribe, and today, in form of an ingredient in Essiac tea for the alternative treatment of some cancers. Burdock root is sometimes used as food. Useful phrases translated from English into 28 languages. Burdock root promotes normal elimination of fluids, promotes normal bowel movement, benefits the lymphatic system supports digestion and benefits urinary tract health. All our dictionaries are bidirectional, meaning that you can look up words in both languages at the same time. The root is very crisp and has a sweet, mild, and pungent flavor with a little muddy harshness that can be reduced by soaking julienned/shredded roots in water for five to ten minutes. Burdock root helps in improving the function of the body’s lymphatic system that … Burdock root is usually used to harness it’s health benefits with Chinese Yam root, despite the fact that they have similar appearance. Burdock has been utilized in treatment of breast tumor, ovary, bladder, malignant melanoma, lymphoma and pancreatic cells. [4][5][6][7], Greater burdock is a biennial plant, rather tall, reaching as much as 3 m (10 ft). Greater burdock root is known as niúbàng (牛蒡) in Chinese, which was borrowed into Japanese as gobō and Korean as ueong (우엉), and is widely eaten in Japan, Korea and Taiwan. Flora of North America Vol. You can purchase fresh burdock root and include it in a vegetable stir-fry or stew. All rights reserved. The harvest occurs three to four months after the seeding until late autumn, when the roots become too fibrous. People have been using burdock root for medicinal purposes for centuries, particularly in Chinese medicine and Western herbalism. This is an ultra-nourishing and ultra-delicious seasonal root combo. It is also known under the same names and eaten in Brazil. It prefers a fresh, worked soil, rich in humus, and should be positioned in full sunlight. It induced uterine contractions (labor, in simple terms) in women who consumed it during pregnancy, according to a study . Recipe: Burdock Root & Yams. The roots, seeds and leaves of burdock have been investigated in view of its popular uses in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The root contains a fair amount of dietary fiber (GDF, 6 g per 100 g), calcium, potassium, amino acids,[12] and is low calorie. Translation for 'burdock' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. “Burdock root is both food and medicine,” adds Moy. The man holding the burdock leaf is 180 centimetres (5.9 ft) tall. It has become an invasive weed of high-nitrogen soils in North America, Australia, and other regions. Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! The root is very delicious and is served in Chinese, Korean, and other Asian dishes prepared by peeling and cooking the whole root. In the botany, however, burdock sighted as a wild, easy-growing, hardy plant existing in almost all parts of the planet. Blood Purifier. These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate. You’ve probably brushed against burdock at one time or other and are familiar with the clinging seed heads. Atlas of Living Australia, Arctium lappa L. Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map, Altervista Flora Italiana, Bardana maggiore, http://www.oardc.ohio-state.edu/weedguide/singlerecord.asp?id=900, "ゴボウの皮はむかないのが"新常識" (06/01/19) - ニュース - nikkei BPnet", "New probiotic identified in fermented Japanese vegetable: Enzyme improves colon health in rats", "Trial of essiac to ascertain its effect in women with breast cancer (TEA-BC)", "Therapeutic effect of arctiin and arctigenin in immunocompetent and immunocompromised mice infected with influenza", "Transformation of arctiin to estrogenic and antiestrogenic substances by human intestinal bacteria", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arctium_lappa&oldid=993384584, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 09:38. The fruits are achenes; they are long, compressed, with short pappus hairs. It was used in Europe during the Middle Ages as a vegetable, but now it is rarely used except in Italy and Portugal, where it is known as bardana or "garduna". It increases the risk of premature labor as well. This species is native to the temperate regions of the Old World, from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean, and from the British Isles through Russia, and the Middle East to India, China, Taiwan and Japan. Overview Information Burdock is a plant that is found all over the world. Burdock root products contain the fresh or dried root of the burdock plant. Burdock has been used therapeutically in Europe, North America and Asia for hundreds of years. This versatile root has a myriad of internal uses and has been used as a food plant in Eastern cuisine. The seeds of greater burdock are employed in traditional Chinese medicine particularly for skin conditions and in cold/flu formulas, under the name niubangzi[17] (Chinese: 牛蒡子; pinyin: niúpángzi; some dictionaries list the Chinese as just 牛蒡 niúbàng. bab.la arrow_drop_down. In fact, burdock root can be found in culinary dishes from Japan, Korea, and China all the way to even Italy and Brazil. The various forms of detoxification it is used for include treating throat infections, rashes, and other skin conditions and diseases, helping in … “In Chinese medicine, it is called Niu Bang and the seeds Niu Bang Zi are used for treating heat conditions such as … Arctium lappais known as niúbàng (牛蒡) in Chinese, the same name having been borrowed into Japanese as gobō, and is eaten in Japan, Korea and Taiwan. Scientific Name(s): Arctium lappa L. Common Name(s): Fructus arctii, Bardana, Beggar's buttons, Clotbur, Edible burdock, Goboushi (Japanese), Great bur, Great burdocks, Lappa, Niu Bang Zi (Chinese) Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Chinese words for burdock include 蒡, 牛腩 and 牛犊. In traditional Chinese medicine, burdock root in combination with other herbs used to treat sore throats, tonsillitis, colds, and even measles. 19, 20 and 21 Page 169 Great burdock, grande bardane. Pregnant women should either refrain from having burdock root or do so under strict medical supervision. bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar. The minute, sharply-pointed, bristly pappus hairs easily detach from the top of the achenes and are carried by the slightest breeze – attaching to skin, mucous membranes, and eyes where they can cause severe dermal irritation, possible respiratory manifestations, and ophthalmia. The root was tra… It contains polyphenols that causes darkened surface and muddy harshness by formation of tannin-iron complexes. [8] It has large, alternating, cordiform leaves that have a long petiole and are pubescent on the underside. Copyright © IDM 2020, unless otherwise noted. Burdock root is primarily used in traditional Chinese medicine for its diuretic qualities and for being a prominent detoxifying agent. Fermentation of the root by Aspergillus oryzae is also used for making miso and rice wine in Japanese cuisine. Propagation is achieved through sowing the seeds midsummer. The taproot of young burdock plants can be harvested and eaten as a root vegetable. 金平牛蒡. They appear in mid-summer, from July to September. Burdock Root Benefits & Information Burdock root is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb used to expel wind and resolve swelling. Not only that: burdock was once a commonplace ancient remedy in traditional medicine practices around the world. 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