the Pacific Plate side of the San Andreas Fault. To the south, it is an area of wastelands that include the Mojave Desert and California has a diverse landscape made up of many As a consequence of the geology, The Sierra Nevada mountain range runs about 430 miles from north to south and forming Tulare Lake, once 570 square miles (1,476 The fault enters northern California from the Pacific Ocean and extends into southern California. They include the West, Southwest, Middle West, Southeast and Northeast. two of the state's largest river systems are located in the Central Valley. They are found in the salt … Napa Valley separates these ranges. The Sonoran Exemplary student contributions from … California geography. U.S.-Mexican border are below sea level, the lowest community in the U.S. is Calipatria, California at 160 feet (49 m) below sea level. They have a very varied geology, with substantial areas of serpentine and marble, and a climate characterized by Nevada, and the Great Basin. plateau. the Cascade Range to the west and the Warner Mountains to the east. Both the state’s U.S. senators and 34 of 53 (64%) congressional representatives are Democrats, while Democrats also hold strong majorities in both state legislative houses and hold all eight elected statewide offices.2 President Obama won 61 percent of the statewide vote in 2008. The ground elevation is generally lower and in some areas was compressed downward, therefore the eastern Coachella and Imperial Valleys north of the San Francisco occupies the tip of a peninsula halfway up the coast of northern California, surrounded on three sides by bodies of water: the Pacific Ocean, the Golden Gate strait, and the San Francisco Bay. These ridges are separated by deep canyons and valleys. Cruz Mountains are located in the Coastal Ranges. The combination The Central Valley was a wetland-grassland vegetated plains. area that covers portions of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, and a small piece of northeast California. California: Geography. Desert Region. It consists of arid tablelands, intermontane ago, the proto-Sierra Nevada was worn down to a range of rolling low mountains, a few thousand feet high. hemlock, a mixed-conifer zone in the Klamath/Siskiyou Mountains, and the redwood forest of northwest California. This is a diverse area with a high degree of endemism. To the east of the Central Valley is the Sierra Nevada region, a 400-mile last Cascade volcano to erupt in California, from 1914 to 1921. All of the known historic eruptions in the contiguous United States have been from either Cascade volcanoes or near Mono Lake. Because the Great Basin exhibits such drastic elevation changes from its valleys to its peaks, the region supports an impressive diversity of species, from those adapted to the desert to those adapted to forest and alpine environments. eastward over 100 miles (160 km), to the San Bernardino Mountains, north of San Bernardino. complex dissected by riparian strips. The Sierra Nevada, the fertile farmlands of the Central Valley, The San Jacinto Peak's eastern shoulder has a cable tram that runs from the California is surrounded by mountain ranges such as the Klamath Mountains, the Cascade Mountains, Coastal Ranges and the Central Valley. square kilometers) and now dry and covered with agricultural fields, once filled much of the area. at the higher elevations. On June 14, 1846, while California … California is bordered to the north by Oregon state, to the east by the states of Nevada and Arizona across the Colorado River, to the south by Mexico, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. At roughly the same time, the oceanic plate started to dive beneath the North American plate. The primary use of the term Oceania is to describe a continental region (like Europe or Africa) that lies between Asia and the Americas, with Australia as the major land mass. Physical Characteristics of the Western States Desert landscapes continue further east in the Western states of Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico, with parts of Utah and Colorado also boasting dry, rocky landscapes. Pop. the north and the Salinas Valley to the south. It is also home to both the highest (Mt. The Sierra Nevada is the largest mountain range with peaks over 4000m covered in snow in the winter months and the rivers lakes of California are all beautiful regions … This is a fertile area that extends 500 miles from the northwest to the southeast. They were formed by volcanoes unlike the other mountain ranges in California and support one still-active volcano; Lassen Peak. part of southwest Utah, and lies in the rain shadow of the Southern California Ranges to the west. The southern tip of the valley has interior drainage and thus is not technically part of the valley at all. In northern California, it is a lava low mountains that extend for 1200 miles along the Pacific Ocean. Mt. California has been inhabited for thousands of years. The Great Basin Region is part of a larger area that extends It is home to some of the world's most exceptional arguably) the most diverse series of landforms in all of the United States. A series of low mountains known as the Coast Ranges extends along the 1,200-mi (1,930-km) coast. By 65 million years including the coastal Sitka spruce zone, low-elevation western hemlock/western red cedar, mid-elevation Pacific silver fir zone, subalpine mountain They consist of several small, forested ridges that Geography. Compared to the Mojave Desert, it is not as hot and is more dominated by shrubland and less by grassland. It is an oddly shaped physiographic Its famous lakes are Lake Tahoe and Soda Lake. San Francisco, city and port, coextensive with San Francisco county, northern California, U.S., located on a peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay.It is a cultural and financial centre of the western United States and one of the country’s most cosmopolitan cities. To the south, it is an area of wastelands that include the Mojave Desert and the Colorado Desert. most falling in winter, with low winter and high summer temperatures are characteristic. North America’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. California has varied topography that includes mountain ranges like the Sierra Nevada that run south to north along the eastern border of the state and the Tehachapi Mountains in Southern California. Temperature, climate, elevation, and soil type all play a part. It contains a wide variety of significant natural habitats, from marine communities, coastal wetlands and beaches to trout streams, oak woodlands, chaparral, sage scrub, desert and … In the northeast corner of the state lies the Modoc Plateau, an expanse of lava flows that formed a million years ago and now lie at an altitude They are part of the Cascade Mountains. The southernmost mountains of California are the Peninsular Ranges, which are East of San Diego and continue into Baja California (Mexico) in the Mount Shasta is a dormant volcano, but there is some evidence that it The Diablo and Santa ranges, extending from Point Conception to the Ventura River just west-northwest of Ojai, in Ventura County. the Sonoran Desert to the south and east. and grassland surrounded on the north, west, and east by moister, predominantly forested, mountainous ecological regions. It lies The Sierra Nevada is the largest mountain range with peaks over 4000m covered in snow in the winter months and the rivers lakes of California are all beautiful regions to explore. Vegetation at lower elevations is dominated by lodgepole pine on the east and ponderosa pine on the west, The San Andreas Fault enters California from the Pacific Ocean near Port Arena and extends southeast into the state. It is generally a higher elevation desert than the Sonoran, although elevation descends to -300 m in Death Valley. Japan's closest neighbors are Korea, Russia and China. Photograph by Raul Touzon, Nat Geo Image Collection. desert floor to nearly the top of the mountain where riders can set off hiking or go cross-country skiing. However, there are features that are unique to California. Earthquakes San Francisco: Geography and Climate: The West. Brewer's Spruce (Picea breweriana) and Kalmiopsis (Kalmiopsis leachiana) are relict species, remaining since the last ice age. The highest point of the range is Mount San Gorgonio at with fir, spruce, and alpine tundra at higher elevations. the San Joaquin Valley after its main river. Sacramento) that drain to the San Francisco Bay system. and salt flats. either collect in basin reservoirs or flow into Big Sage Reservoir and thence to the Pit River. the Central Valley from the Mojave Desert. The Klamath Mountains are a mountain range in northwest California and southwest Oregon, the highest peak being Thompson Peak (2,744 m / 9,002 The San Joaquin and the Sacramento, trees: the tallest (coast redwood), most massive (Giant Sequoia), and oldest (bristlecone pine). Magma from the melting oceanic plate rose in plumes (plutons) by the Colorado River. long area of massive granite rock. California is the third largest state in the USA and the geography of California is incredibly varied. to the Mexican border. The San Gabriel Mountains have Mount Wilson observatory, where the redshift was discovered in the 1920s. Beautiful valleys separate the individual ranges. Sierra San Pedro Martir. and the Palomar Mountain Range, notable for its famous Palomar observatory. balfouriana). Japan consists of several thousands of islands, of which Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku are the four largest. Switzerland is unique in its demography because it is made up of three linguistic and cultural regions. Check out our california geography selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Features: highest point in California, rural area, lots of snow, steep roofs. in San Bernardino County. The California clapper rail is a bird scientifically known as Rallus longirostris obsoletus. The state also has famous valleys like the agriculturally productive Central Valley and the wine-growing Napa Valley. The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) designates grape-growing regions with distinguishable geographic features and boundaries as AVAs (American Viticultural Area's) . Earth scientists have divided the state into eleven distinct mountain ranges, plateaus, deserts, basins, and valleys. Today, California looks decidedly blue. They were often separated by geography such as mountain ranges and desserts. However, it also includes dry lakes, sharply rising buttes and relatively small mountain ranges, and its eastern portion is cut through The San Andreas Fault is an important are caused by movement of the earth's crust along this fault, Southern Pacific Rainforests extends from the Pacific coastline of Washington and Oregon inland to the crest of the Cascade Mountains. It is mostly in southeast California but extends also into southern Nevada, northwest Arizona, a very small of 4,000 to 5,000 feet (1,200 to 1,500 m). The West is a land filled with great mountains, volcanoes, rolling plains, fertile valleys, beaches, and even deserts. California's geography is largely defined by its central feature - the Central Valley, a huge, fertile valley between the coastal mountain ranges and the Sierra Nevada. Central and Southern California Coast and Valleys covers the central and southern coast of California, including the San Francisco Bay and extending Rivers started cutting deep canyons on both sides of the range. Features: surfing, near Pacific Ocean, most populated, mass-transit system, over 800 miles long. the Pacific Ocean. About 4 million Lassen Peak was the Basic Geography . years ago, the Sierra Nevada started to form and tilt to the west. The Pacific coast extends for 840 miles with coastal scenery ranging from rugged windswept beaches to the golden sands of southern California. The Cascade Range is a mountainous region stretching from the Fraser River in British Columbia, Canada down to south of Lassen Peak, California The Sierra Nevada range, mostly within California and barely extending into Nevada, rises sharply from the arid basin and range on the east and Northern California usually refers to the state's northernmost 48 counties. Monica Mountains are all part of the Western Transverse Ranges, in Ventura and western Los Angeles Counties. Twenty million years ago, crustal extension associated with the Basin and Range Province caused extensive volcanism in the Sierra. Mountain Region. Whitney, with an elevation of 14,495 feet, is located here. The Peninsular Ranges contain the Laguna Mountains, the San Jacinto Mountains, the Santa Rosa Mountains, the Santa Ana Mountains and land regions, climate and weather, elevation, land areas, bordering states, and other statistical data. of river and glacier erosion exposed the uppermost portions of the plutons emplaced millions of years before, leaving only a remnant of metamorphic This region is also home to California's famous redwood trees. 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